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Notably, Greipel and Gaviria were penalized for headbutting each other and lost their placing and green jersey points.
Van Avermaet improved his lead in the general classification after earning a single second in the bonus sprint. Richie Porte abandoned after a crash for the second year in a row.
The first stage at high altitude and first in the Alps, the tenth, was won by Quick-Step Floors rider Julian Alaphilippe from a large breakaway that included race leader Van Avermaet.
Eventually, Alaphillipe attacked and won his first Tour stage while Van Avermaet retained his yellow jersey and extended his lead to nearly two and a half minutes,  when many people thought he would not be retaining it.
In the steep finish of the eleventh, Thomas attacked in the final kilometre and passed lone breakaway rider Mikel Nieve Mitchelton—Scott to take the win.
Dumoulin and Froome arose as the likely contenders in Paris. After the Alps, it was basically down to three riders in contention, Thomas, Froome, and Dumoulin.
Smoke from flares and animosity towards Froome were a factor and better security was called for by many people for the final week.
Stage fifteen, the start of the final week, was once again a breakaway victory. As the riders passed that point, there was still gas in the air.
The race was neutralized for about fifteen minutes because several riders had problems with their eyes and had to rinse them. Later, Adam Yates, having taken the lead, fell on the final descent and handed the position and win to Alaphilippe, giving him his second stage win of the tour.
Dumoulin moved into second place, 1 min 59 s off the lead. Thomas was able to consolidate his position in the yellow jersey by picking up six bonus seconds in the sprint thereby extending his lead over Dumoulin to 2 min 5 s.
Thomas survived a scare when his back wheel locked, but completed the time trial successfully, finishing fourteen seconds behind Dumoulin taking a lead of 1 min 51 s into the final stage.
Four main individual classifications were contested in the Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The first three riders would get 10, 6, and 4 seconds, respectively.
Time bonuses of three, two and one seconds, would be given to the first three riders to cross a "bonus point" in each of the first nine mass-start stages of the race.
It would affect the general classification, but not the points. The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage.
The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first.
The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but was restricted to riders born on or after 1 January The final classification was a team classification.
This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time.
The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie. In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".
The race was the 25th of the 37 events in the UCI World Tour ,  with riders from the WorldTeams competing for individually and for their teams for points that contributed towards the rankings.
Both rankings used the same points scale, awarding points to the top sixty in the general classification, each yellow jersey given at the end of a stage, the top five finishers in each stage and for the top three in the final points and mountains classifications.
Peter Sagan kept his position at the top of both rankings, with Quick-Step Floors and Belgium also holding the lead of the World Tour team ranking and World Ranking nation ranking respectively.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of teams and cyclists in the Tour de France. In stage two, Marcel Kittel , who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Fernando Gaviria wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification and Peter Sagan , who was second in the points classification, wore the rainbow jersey of the world champion.
In stage two, Dylan Groenewegen , who was second in the best young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Fernando Gaviria wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
In stage three, Alexander Kristoff , who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Peter Sagan wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, and second placed Fernando Gaviria wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification.
In stage seventeen Philippe Gilbert did not start, so no rider wore the red bib as the most combative rider of previous stage. Cycling portal France portal.
Retrieved 28 July Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 18 October Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 11 July Archived from the original on 30 July Competition between channels raised the broadcasting fees paid to the organisers from 1.
The two largest channels to stay in public ownership, Antenne 2 and FR3 , combined to offer more coverage than its private rival, TF1.
The two stations, renamed France 2 and France 3, still hold the domestic rights and provide pictures for broadcasters around the world.
The stations use a staff of with four helicopters, two aircraft, two motorcycles, 35 other vehicles including trucks, and 20 podium cameras.
Domestic television covers the most important stages of the Tour, such as those in the mountains, from mid-morning until early evening.
The biggest stages are shown live from start to end, followed by interviews with riders and others and features such an edited version of the stage seen from beside a team manager following and advising riders from his car.
Radio covers the race in updates throughout the day, particularly on the national news channel, France Info , and some stations provide continuous commentary on long wave.
The Tour was the first to be broadcast in the United States. This led directly to an increase in global popularity of the event. The Tour is an important cultural event for fans in Europe.
Millions  line the route, some having camped for a week to get the best view. Crowds flanking the course are reminiscent of the community festivals that are part of another form of cycle racing in a different country — the Isle of Man TT.
The book sold six million copies by the time of the first Tour de France,  the biggest selling book of 19th-century France other than the Bible.
Patrick Le Gall made Chacun son Tour In , three films chronicled a team. By following their quest for the points classification, won by Cooke, the film looks at the working of the brain.
It was directed by Bayley Silleck, who was nominated for an Academy Award for documentary short subject in for Cosmic Voyage.
Vive Le Tour by Louis Malle is an minute short of This minute documentary has no narration and relies on sights and sounds of the Tour.
After the Tour de France there are criteria in the Netherlands and Belgium. These races are public spectacles where thousands of people can see their heroes , from the Tour de France, race.
The budget of a criterium is over , Euro, with most of the money going to the riders. Jersey winners or big-name riders earn between 20 and 60 thousand euros per race in start money.
Allegations of doping have plagued the Tour almost since Early riders consumed alcohol and used ether , to dull the pain. In , the "Tour of Shame", Willy Voet , soigneur for the Festina team, was arrested with erythropoietin EPO , growth hormones , testosterone and amphetamine.
Police raided team hotels and found products in the possession of the cycling team TVM. Riders went on strike. After mediation by director Jean-Marie Leblanc , police limited their tactics and riders continued.
Some riders had dropped out and only 96 finished the race. It became clear in a trial that management and health officials of the Festina team had organised the doping.
Further measures were introduced by race organisers and the UCI , including more frequent testing and tests for blood doping transfusions and EPO use.
In , Philippe Gaumont said doping was endemic to his Cofidis team. In the same year, Jesus Manzano , a rider with the Kelme team, alleged he had been forced by his team to use banned substances.
Doping controversy has surrounded Lance Armstrong. He said he had used skin cream containing triamcinolone to treat saddle sores. Favourites such as Jan Ullrich and Ivan Basso were banned by their teams a day before the start.
Seventeen riders were implicated. American rider Floyd Landis , who finished the Tour as holder of the overall lead, had tested positive for testosterone after he won stage 17, but this was not confirmed until some two weeks after the race finished.
Following his plea that other cyclists admit to drugs, former winner Bjarne Riis admitted in Copenhagen on 25 May that he used EPO regularly from to , including when he won the Tour.
His Cofidis team pulled out. The same day, leader Michael Rasmussen was removed for "violating internal team rules" by missing random tests on 9 May and 28 June.
Rasmussen claimed to have been in Mexico. After winning the Tour de France , it was announced that Alberto Contador had tested positive for low levels of clenbuterol on 21 July rest day.
Postal Service cycling team , implicating, amongst others, Armstrong. The report contained affidavits from riders including Frankie Andreu , Tyler Hamilton , George Hincapie , Floyd Landis , Levi Leipheimer , and others describing widespread use of Erythropoietin EPO , blood transfusion, testosterone, and other banned practices in several Tours.
One rider has been King of the Mountains , won the combination classification, combativity award, the points competition, and the Tour in the same year— Eddy Merckx in , which was also the first year he participated.
Twice the Tour was won by a racer who never wore the yellow jersey until the race was over. In , Jan Janssen of the Netherlands secured his win in the individual time trial on the last day.
The Tour has been won three times by racers who led the general classification on the first stage and holding the lead all the way to Paris.
Ottavio Bottecchia completed a GC start-to-finish sweep in And in , Nicolas Frantz held the GC for the entire race, and at the end, the podium consisted solely of members of his racing team.
While no one has equalled this feat since , four times a racer has taken over the GC lead on the second stage and carried that lead all the way to Paris.
It is worth noting that Jacques Anquetil predicted he would wear the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification from start to finish in , which he did.
That year, the first day had two stages, the first part from Rouen to Versailles and the second part from Versailles to Versailles. No yellow jersey was awarded after the first part, and at the end of the day Anquetil was in yellow.
The most appearances have been by Sylvain Chavanel , who rode his 18th and final Tour in Of these 16 Tours Zoetemelk came in the top five 11 times, a record, finished second 6 times, a record, and won the Tour de France.
In the early years of the Tour, cyclists rode individually, and were sometimes forbidden to ride together. This led to large gaps between the winner and the number two.
Since the cyclists now tend to stay together in a peloton , the margins of the winner have become smaller, as the difference usually originates from time trials, breakaways or on mountain top finishes, or from being left behind the peloton.
The smallest margins between the winner and the second placed cyclists at the end of the Tour is 8 seconds between winner Greg LeMond and Laurent Fignon in The largest margin, by comparison, remains that of the first Tour in Three riders have won 8 stages in a single year: The fastest massed-start stage was in from Laval to Blois The longest successful post-war breakaway by a single rider was by Albert Bourlon in the Tour de France.
This is one of the biggest time gaps but not the greatest. In , Wiggins was joined by Geraint Thomas as the only Tour de France champions to have won an Olympic gold medal in a velodrome ; they were both on the team which won the Team Pursuit Gold Medal at the Beijing Olympics.
Four riders have won five times: Indurain achieved the mark with a record five consecutive wins. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the French national multi-day bicycle stage race.
For other uses, see Tour de France disambiguation. For other uses, see Tour disambiguation. List of Tour de France general classification winners.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. General classification in the Tour de France. List of Tour de France general classification winners and Yellow jersey statistics.
Mountains classification in the Tour de France. Points classification in the Tour de France. Young rider classification in the Tour de France.
Amsterdam , Netherlands Brussels , Belgium Cologne , West Germany Scheveningen , Netherlands Charleroi , Belgium Leiden , Netherlands Frankfurt , West Germany Basel , Switzerland West Berlin , West Germany Luxembourg , Luxembourg Den Bosch , Netherlands Dublin , Ireland London , United Kingdom Monte Carlo , Monaco Rotterdam , Netherlands Leeds , United Kingdom Utrecht , Netherlands Doping at the Tour de France.
List of professional cyclists who died during a race. Tour de France records and statistics and Yellow jersey statistics.
De Dion was a gentlemanly but outspoken man who already wrote columns for Le Figaro , Le Matin and others. He was also rich and could afford to indulge his whims, which included founding Le Nain Jaune the yellow gnome , a publication that " Giffard was the first to suggest a race that lasted several days, new to cycling but established practice in car racing.
Unlike other cycle races, it would also be run largely without pacers. His position as editor depended on raising sales.
That would happen if the Tour succeeded. Desgrange preferred to keep a distance. Desgrange showed a personal interest in his race only when it looked a success.
It reflected not only the daring of the enterprise but the slight scandal still associated with riding bicycle races, enough that some preferred to use a false name.
The first city-to-city race, from Paris to Rouen, included many made-up names or simply initials. The first woman to finish had entered as "Miss America", despite not being American.
Riders had points deducted for each five minutes lost. A rider in last position knew he would be disqualified at the end of the stage. If he dropped out before or during the stage, another competitor became the last and he would leave the race as well.
That weakened a rival team, which now had fewer helpers. He died in Bruno and published in , it sold six million by , seven million by and 8,, by It was used in schools until the s and is still available.
Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 5 September Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 27 May Le Tour de Souffrance".
Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 28 July Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 27 March British Sky Broadcasting Ltd.
Skip to latest stage. Gaviria wins opener and takes first yellow jersey. Sunday, July 8 Peter Sagan wins crash-marred stage 2 and takes yellow jersey.
Monday, July 9 Tuesday, July 10 km La Baule - Sarzeau. Gaviria wins stage 4 in Sarzeau. Wednesday, July 11 Sagan wins stage 5 in Quimper.
Dan Martin wins on the Mur de Bretagne. Groenewegen wins stage 7 in Chartres. Groenewegen doubles up in Amiens. Sunday, July 15 Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix.
Monday, July 16 Annecy. Tuesday, July 17 Alaphilippe wins in Le Grand Bornand. Wednesday, July 18